information


information
information [in΄fər mā′shən]
n.
[ME informacioun < OFr information < L informatio, a representation, outline, sketch]
1. an informing or being informed; esp., a telling or being told of something
2. something told; news; intelligence; word
3. knowledge acquired in any manner; facts; data; learning; lore
4. a person or agency answering questions as a service to others
5. in information theory and computer science, a precise measure of the information content of a message, measured in bits and ranging from zero when the entire message is known in advance to some maximum when nothing is known of its content
6. any data that can be stored in and retrieved from a computer
7. Law an accusation, under oath, of a criminal offense, not by indictment of a grand jury, but by a public officer, such as a prosecutor
informational
adj.
SYN.- INFORMATION applies to data that are gathered in any way, as by reading, observation, hearsay, etc. and does not necessarily connote validity [inaccurate information]; KNOWLEDGE applies to any body of facts gathered by study, observation, etc. and to the ideas inferred from these facts, and connotes an understanding of what is known [man's knowledge of the universe ]; LEARNING is knowledge acquired by study, especially in languages, literature, philosophy, etc.; ERUDITION implies profound or abstruse learning beyond the comprehension of most people; WISDOM implies superior judgment and understanding based on broad knowledge

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Information — as a concept has a diversity of meanings, from everyday usage to technical settings. Generally speaking, the concept of information is closely related to notions of constraint, communication, control, data, form, instruction, knowledge, meaning,… …   Wikipedia

  • information — [ ɛ̃fɔrmasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1274; lat. informatio I ♦ Dr. Ensemble des actes qui tendent à établir la preuve d une infraction et à en découvrir les auteurs. ⇒ instruction (préparatoire). Ouvrir une information. Information contre X. Information… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • information — in‧for‧ma‧tion [ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʆn ǁ fər ] noun [uncountable] 1. facts or details that tell you about something or someone: • This is highly confidential information. • Corporations are making more financial information available to investors. ˈcredit… …   Financial and business terms

  • information — in·for·ma·tion n: an instrument containing a formal accusation of a crime that is issued by a prosecuting officer and that serves the same function as an indictment presented by a grand jury compare complaint 2, indictment ◇ About half the states …   Law dictionary

  • Information — In for*ma tion, n. [F., fr. L. informatio representation, conception. See {Inform}, v. t.] 1. The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or intelligence. [1913 Webster] The active informations of the intellect. South. [1913 Webster] 2. Any… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • information — late 14c., act of informing, from O.Fr. informacion, enformacion information, advice, instruction, from L. informationem (nom. informatio) outline, concept, idea, noun of action from pp. stem of informare (see INFORM (Cf. inform)). Meaning… …   Etymology dictionary

  • information — Information, Quaestio, Inquisitio. Faire informations ou enquestes, Anquirere, vel Quaerere. Demander que informations soient faites, et punition d aucun cas, Quaestionem postulare. Charges et informations, Elogia reorum ac testimonia. B. Grosses …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • information — Information. s. f. v. Terme de Pratique. Enqueste faite par Justice. Il ne se dit guere qu en matiere criminelle, Faire une information. l information porte. faire des informations. supprimer, brusler les informations. decreter les informations.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Information(en) — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Auch: • Auskunft Bsp.: • Wo können wir Auskunft über diesen Mann bekommen? • Zu Ihrer Information, wir werden am Montag ankommen. • Unsere Leser wollen eine Menge Informationen …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Information — meaningful data (p. 3.7.1 ISO 9000:2005). Источник …   Словарь-справочник терминов нормативно-технической документации